to the African Growth and Opportunity Forum
Department of State
October 29, 2001
11:17 A.M. EST
Well, thank you very much for that warm welcome. Many of you have traveled half
a world for this gathering, and I'm honored to be with you. I want to thank
you all for coming.
This conference was delayed by the events of September the 11th, but our common
goal will not be delayed or denied. We have a unique opportunity to build ties
of trade and trust that will improve the lives on both our continents. And we
will seize this opportunity.
I appreciate so very much the leadership of our Secretary of State. He has done
a fabulous job of assembling a coalition of people from all around the world
to fight terror. I picked the right man for this time in history. (Applause.)
I want to thank the ministers and ambassadors from the 35 African nations who
are represented here. Thank you all for coming. (Applause.) I appreciate the
three members of my Cabinet who are on the stage with us today, members who
represent trade and economic activity and economic development, people who join
me in my commitment for a freer world and a prosperous Africa.
I want to thank Secretary of Treasury O'Neill, Secretary of Commerce Evans and
U.S. Trade Representative Zoellick for being here, as well. Thank you all for
I appreciate USAID Administrator Andrew Natsios for being here as well. Andy,
thank you for coming. (Applause.) And I, too, want to thank members of the United
States Congress, Republican and Democrat, who have come to join on this important
effort. (Applause.) Senator Lugar, Congressman Royce, Congressman Levin, and
Congressman Jefferson, I'm honored you all would take time to be here to represent
the solidarity of our entire government in promoting what's right and responsible
on the African continent.
And I want to thank members of the business and NGO communities who are here,
as well. And thank you for working so hard to put together the coalition that
enabled the passage of one of the most hopeful acts that Congress has passed.
I appreciate your time, I appreciate your efforts and I appreciate your concern.
Let me begin by thanking the nations of Africa for their support following September
the 11th. America will never forget the many messages of sympathy and solidarity
sent by African heads of state. Ambassadors from Southern Africa presented a
check to the American Red Cross to assist the families of the victims. One Rwandan
journalist wrote in a condolence book at the U.S. Embassy, "We feel and
understand what the Americans must be experiencing. The forces of evil must
be fought and defeated wherever they are." That's represents exactly the
firm resolve of the American people. We will fight and defeat the forces of
evil wherever they are. (Applause.)
Over 80 countries, including Ethiopia and Egypt, Ghana and Gambia, Kenya, Nigeria,
South Africa, Togo and Zimbabwe, lost citizens along with the Americans on September
the 11th. The United States is deeply grateful to all countries and all African
countries that have now joined in a great coalition against terror.
We are grateful for the political support offered by the Organization of African
Unity and by many African regional organizations. We appreciate the basing and
overflight rights offered by African countries and the growing number of African
nations that have committed to cracking down on terrorist financing.
We are encouraged by the strong declaration issued at Dakar, by 28 African countries
calling on all African nations to ratify the 1999 Algiers Convention Against
Terrorism. I spoke to Senegal's President Wade, to thank him for his leadership
in convening the Dakar meeting. The Algiers Convention was developed following
the 1998 embassy bombings by al Qaeda, which took 12 lives and over 200 African
lives, including many Muslims.
Now it is critically important that this convention be ratified so that African
nations have additional judicial, diplomatic and financial tools to root out
terrorism. And as nations begin to put these measures in place, the United States
will look for ways to work together.
In an era of global trade and global terror, the futures of the developed world
and the developing world are closely linked. We benefit from each other's success.
We're not immune from each other's troubles. We share the same threats; and
we share the same goal -- to forge a future of more openness, trade and freedom.
Recent events have provided the world with a clear and dramatic choice. Our
enemies, the terrorists and their supporters, offer a narrow and backward vision.
They feed resentment, envy and hatred. They fear human creativity, choice and
diversity. Powerless to build a better world, they seek to destroy a world that
is passing them by. And they will not succeed.
We offer a better way. When nations respect the creativity and enterprise of
their people, they find social and economic progress. When nations open their
markets to the world, their people find new ways to create wealth. When nations
accept the rules of the modern world, they discover the benefits of the modern
This vision of progress is not owned by any nation or any culture, it belongs
to humanity -- every African, every Muslim, every man or woman who wants to
make it real. Good governments, of course, will look different from place to
place. Cultures must preserve their unique values. Yet, everywhere -- East and
West, North and South -- there is a model of successful development, a market
economy trading with the world that respects human rights and the rule of law.
Every nation that adopts this vision will find in America a trading partner,
an investor, and a friend.
And it's for this reason that America welcomes and supports the new African
initiative, put forward by visionary African leaders. To fulfill this vision
of progress we must return to the steady, patient work of building a world that
trades in freedom.
No nation in our time has entered the fast track of development without first
opening up its economy to world markets. The African Growth and Opportunity
Act is a road map for how the United States and Africa can tap the power of
markets to improve the lives of our citizens.
This law is just over a year, but it is already showing its tremendous power.
During the first half of this year, the total trade with sub-Sahara Africa rose
nearly 17 percent, compared to last year. U.S. imports from the region now exceed
$11.5 billion. Some individual countries have shown staggering increases in
trade. Four countries -- Senegal, Seychelles, Eritrea and Madagascar -- saw
their exports to the United States grow by over 100 percent.
Behind these numbers are investments in projects that are making a real impact
on people's lives. In Kenya, the government projects that AGOA will create 150,000
new jobs over the next several years; propose new projects, in Lesotho, textiles
sectors alone are expected to inject $122 million of investment into that country's
economy -- four times the amount of all official development assistance the
country received in 1999.
We need to build on these successes. Across the continent, African governments
are reforming their economies and their governments in order to take advantage
of AGOA. These nations are working hard to fight corruption, improve labor standards
and reform their customs regimes. The United States will work in partnership
with African nations to help -- to help them build the institutions and expertise
they need to benefit from trade.
Today, I'm pleased to announce the creation of $200 million Overseas Private
Investment Corporation support facility that will give American firms access
to loans, guarantees and political risk insurance for investment projects in
sub-Sahara Africa. (Applause.)
I've asked our trade and development agency to establish a regional office in
Johannesburg, to provide guidance to governments and companies which seek to
liberalize their trade laws, improve the investment environment and take advantage
of the Free Trade Act between our two continents.
I'm also announcing today the launch of the Trade for African Development and
Enterprise Program. With $15 million in initial funding, the trade program will
establish regional hubs for global competitiveness that will help African businesses
take advantage of AGOA, to sell more of their products on the global markets.
Countries gathered here today have seen the benefits of trade. And we have an
obligation to make the case for more open trade throughout the entire world.
I hope that African nations will be a powerful voice for the launch of a new
round of global trade talks in Doha, beginning next month. Trade and sound economic
policies are essential to growth and development, but they are not, themselves,
sufficient to seize the hopeful opportunities of markets and trade. Nations
need citizens that are educated and are healthy.
My government will continue its strong support for responsible debt relief,
so that nations can devote more resources to education and health. (Applause.)
We will continue to press multilateral development banks to provide more assistance
in the form of grants, instead of loans. (Applause.) We are moving forward on
an initiative I announced in July to improve basic education and teacher training
in Africa. (Applause.) And the United States is ready to commit more resources
to the new global fund to combat HIV-AIDS and other infectious diseases, once
the fund demonstrates success. (Applause.)
And, finally, as AGOA makes clear, economic freedom and political freedom must
go hand in hand. People who trade in freedom want to live in freedom. From Nigeria
to South Africa, African nations have made great strides -- great strides --
toward democracy. The democratic transitions of the last decade mean that a
majority of Africans now live in democratic states. That is progress we will
praise, and progress we must work hard to continue. (Applause.)
Our times present many challenges. Yet, I'm optimistic about our shared future.
I know we can build a world that grows in prosperity and trades in freedom.
I know we can bring health and education to more people. I know we can defeat
terror -- defeat terror now, so that our children and grandchildren can grow
up in free societies.
Out of the sorrow of September 11th, I see opportunity, a chance for nations
to strengthen and rethink and reinvigorate their relationships. We share more
than a common enemy; we share a common goal: to expand our ties of commerce
and culture, to renew our commitment to development and democracy. And, together,
we will meet that goal.
May God bless Africa, and may God continue to bless America. (Applause.)